“The ancient splendour and beauty of Prague, a city that is beyond compare, left an impression on my imagination that will never fade.”
Richard Wagner, 1826
Praha (English: Prague) is the capital, largest city and also political, economic and cultural centre of the Czech Republic.
Textbook of architectural styles with its wealth of monuments, a city filled with music, romance and nostalgia is mainly a modern city full of life. Since 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares has been listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Prague is a city of unusual beauty. It is called “Golden City, City of a Hundred Spires or Mother of Cities”. It is a natural amphitheatre through which the Vltava River flows, filled with a thousand years’ worth of manmade structures with aspirations greater than simply satisfying basic human needs. Its prime, yet sensitive, location in the heart of Europe is at the confluence of trade routes, political interests, and cultural influences.
Prague’s history is one written by fire and sword, as well as by pen, paintbrush, chisel, carpenter’s axe, and stonemason’s trowel. As a reference point in the classification of cityscapes, Prague is often likened to Rome. In the sense that both cities are ageless, this is a suitable comparison. Historical Prague consists of six parts – the Old Town (Staré Město), the Jewish Town (now called Josefov), the New Town (Nové Město), the Lesser Quarter (Malá Strana), Hradčany and Vyšehrad – mostly former towns which were integrated in the 18th century.